Amerikaanse financiën

Rupee verzwakt 1% in twee dagen als hernieuwde gesprekken over ‘hawkish’ Fed-boost dollar

Roepie, roepie versus dollar

Hogere Amerikaanse rentetarieven leiden doorgaans tot uitstroom van buitenlandse investeringen uit opkomende markten zoals India.


De roepie verzwakte donderdag scherp ten opzichte van de US-dollar , nadat functionarissen van de Federal Reserve zeiden dat de Amerikaanse centrale bank door zou gaan met forse renteverhogingen, waardoor de greenback wereldwijd zou stijgen.

Een nieuw record maandelijks handelstekort in juli droeg ook bij aan de ellende van de roepie, waardoor de binnenlandse valuta slechter presteerde dan zijn vergelijkbare valuta’s uit opkomende markten, aldus traders.

De binnenlandse valuta sloot woensdag op 79,47 per dollar tegen 79,16 op een dollar. De afgelopen dagen is de roepie 1 procent gedaald ten opzichte van de dollar, waardoor de waardevermindering voor 2022 als geheel tot nu toe op 6,5 procent is gekomen.

The rupee’s sharp slide against the US dollar over the past couple of days has unwound a hefty part of the firm gains that it had recently notched up. After weakening to a lifetime low of 80.06 per dollar on July 19, the local currency scripted a smart turnaround, gaining as much as 1.9 per cent to 78.50 per dollar on August 2.

Rupee verzwakt 1% in twee dagen als hernieuwde gesprekken over 'hawkish' Fed-boost dollar

“The Indian rupee depreciated for a second straight day in a row and was the worst-performing currency among Asian baskets. It manages to pare some intraday losses on probable RBI intervention to curb the volatility as the currency reaches near a record low,” HDFC Securities Research Analyst Dilip Parmar said.

“The continued “hawkish” Fed chat gave the dollar a bid against major currencies. The rupee was under immense pressure after a record high trade deficit number and lower reading of service PMI,” he said.

A 50-basis-point rate hike would be “a reasonable thing to do in September”, said San Francisco Fed President Mary Daly in an interview to Reuters on Wednesday.

The US dollar index, which measures the currency against six major rival currencies, was 106.23 at 3:30 PM against 106.09 the same time on Wednesday.

Following recent weak economic data in the US, speculation had built up globally that the Federal Reserve may adopt a slower pace of rate hikes to rein in damage to economic growth.

Higher US interest rates typically lead to outflows of overseas investment from emerging markets such as India.

Traders said the rupee’s weakness on Thursday had been exacerbated by technical positioning in the market. After the rupee strengthened over the past few days, traders squared off aggressive bets on the US dollar and that bolstered the domestic currency.

From closing on July 26 to the settlement on August 2, the rupee gained 1.4 per cent versus the dollar, outperforming most emerging market currencies.

However, with the rush to square off bets on the US dollar now having abated, the rupee was moving in line with global fundamentals, traders said.

“The rupee’s move (on Thursday) is connected with what happened last week and the early part of this week. Last week’s move was more of a shakeout of the longs (bets on the dollar) and unhedged exports,” said Anindya Banerjee, vice-president, currency derivatives & interest rate derivatives at Kotak Securities.

“Once that has been done, I think what has happened is as the dollar index has strengthened globally, the Indian rupee has simply played catch-up. This was more of a technical pullback, the positioning was excessively long, that had to be flushed out,” he said.

Banerjee predicted the rupee in a range of 79.10-79.75 per US dollar over the near term.

Eerste publicatie: do, 04 augustus 2022. 11:46 IST

Federale Reserve


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